The Magaliesberg boasts a rich heritage. It is home to the Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site, widely recognised as the original roaming ground of our earliest human ancestors.
A number of highly significant palaeontological and archaeological finds have been made in the area, which has to date yielded the largest sample of fossilised hominid remains.
The area is also known for its battlegrounds. After the Second Anglo-Boer War, farms in the area were rejuvenated and the tobacco and citrus industries, in particular, flourished.
In 1923, the Hartbeespoort Dam was completed, bringing tourism to the area. In 1977, the Magaliesberg was proclaimed a Protected Natural Environment.
The Magaliesberg is home to the Kgaswane Mountain Reserve, among other smaller reserves. In 1999, the entire area was proclaimed a World Heritage Site.